It reminded me of the womanism article that was in the Youth Centre magazine I edited in the early 80s. Womanism was a term that was used by Alice Walker amongst others because they considered the conditioning for a black woman was significantly different for that of white.
I note the discussion on Beyonce. As far as I understand it Beyonce is considered in some way feminist because she owns the image she portrays and makes a profit from it. This is her choice and she has the right to make it. But the patriarchy would not complain as her image satisfies their desires, the 1% are happy as the performer only makes a small percentage of the revenue – however large in total, and the image-making side of the patriarchy would also be happy – women whose image they are objectifying can now accept this image as their own because people like Beyonce have owned it. I remember a similar discussion around Madonna owning her image but I am not sure about that. I did hear that Madonna is macrobiotic, that is health and much more than an image.
When there is talk of black people the word colonial must come up. Initially colonialism subjugated through military. When black people fought against the military it became cheaper to ensure their requirements – raw materials market and cheap labour – were maintained through controlled self-rule – neo-colonialism. These puppets of neo-colonialism ensure the continued exploitation of the African cake, and the only cost is buying off the puppets. It suits the colonial mentality to have Beyonce own her image because what she does is what they would like her to do.
I also note that Bell continually uses the words “imperialist, white supremacist, capitalist patriarchy”. Consider the issue of slavery in a modern day context. The “naked” slavery of the plantations had the owner, then white taskmasters and pecking order amongst black slaves. This slavery had one person the owner making most of the money and using that money to ensure that all who worked for him were subjugated including the white people who enforced his power. This is 1%-strategy – owners with varying degrees of wage-slavery underneath with black people, esp black women, at the bottom. Bell’s awareness has been a response to the patriarchy so naturally that word is emphasised. For me patriarchy is an effective, divisive system the 1% employ in line with their aims of profit; it is a pecking order as on the plantations with black women at the bottom of the ladder.
I note this quote [41.00] from Bell Hooks. “There is a price for the decolonisation. You’re not going to have the wealth, you’re not going to be getting your genius award funded by the militarist, imperialist, Macarthur people …. It is the cost of liberation. People will remain enslaved because it is simply easier, more well paid.”
And compare it with a description of the mature model in my blog Culture:- “Because mature people must live somewhere, they live amidst culture but they “float” around these cultures as outsiders, some socially accepted and others not.” Beyonce accepting her image and exploiting it has maintained that social status, that acclaim and wealth, what financial cost has Bell Hooks paid for what she calls decolonisation? Not being colonised only exploited I would use her other word – liberation, what is the price of liberation?
I know one thing, liberation brings greater happiness even if sometimes financially-challenged!!!!